Dell Inc. (NASDAQ: DELL SEHK: 4331), an American computer-hardware company based in Round Rock, Texas, develops, manufactures, sells, and supports personal computers, servers, data storage devices, network switches, personal digital assistants (PDAs), software, computer peripherals, and certain other products.
Apple Inc. (NASDAQ: AAPL, LSE: ACP, FWB: APC) is an American consumer electronics multinational corporation with worldwide annual sales in its fiscal year 2006 (ending September 30, 2006) of US$19.3 billion. Headquartered in Cupertino, California, Apple develops, sells, and supports a series of personal computers, portable media players, computer software, and computer hardware accessories. The company's best-known products include the Mac line of personal computers, its Mac OS X operating system, and the iPod line of portable media players. For the iPod and its related iTunes software, Apple sells audio books, games, music, music videos, TV shows, and movies in its online iTunes Store.
The company was known as Apple Computer, Inc. for its first 30 years of existence, but dropped "Computer" from its corporate name on January 9, 2007. The name change, which followed Apple's announcement of its new iPhone smart phone and Apple TV digital video system, is representative of the company's ongoing expansion into the consumer electronics market in addition to its traditional focus on personal computers.
Apple also operates 180 (as of April 2007) retail stores in the United States, Japan, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Italy. The stores carry most of Apple's products as well as many third-party products and offer on-site support and repair for Apple hardware and software. Apple employs over 20,000 permanent and temporary workers worldwide.
For a variety of reasons, ranging from its philosophy of comprehensive aesthetic design to its countercultural, even indie roots, as well as their advertising campaigns, Apple has engendered a distinct reputation in the consumer electronics industry and has cultivated a customer base that is unusually devoted to the company and its brand.
Type Public (NASDAQ: AAPL, LSE: ACP, FWB: APC)
Founded California (April 1, 1976, as Apple Computer, Inc)
Headquarters Cupertino, California
Key people Steve Jobs, CEO & Co-founder
Steve Wozniak, Co-founder
Timothy D. Cook, COO
Peter Oppenheimer, CFO
Philip W. Schiller, SVP Marketing
Jonathan Ive, SVP Industrial Design
Tony Fadell, SVP iPod Division
Ron Johnson, SVP Retail
Sina Tamaddon, SVP Applications
Bertrand Serlet, SVP Software Engineering
Industry Computer hardware
Products Mac (personal computer series), Mac OS X, Mac OS X Server, iPod, QuickTime, iLife, iWork, Apple Remote Desktop, Xsan, Final Cut Studio, Aperture, Logic Pro, Cinema Display, AirPort, Xserve, Xserve RAID, iPhone, Apple TV
Revenue US$19.3 billion (TTM 1Q2006)
Operating income US$2.12 billion (TTM 1Q2006)
(12.27% operating margin)
Net income US$1.73 billion (TTM 1Q2006)
(9.97% profit margin)
Employees 17,787 full-time; 2,399 temporary (September 30, 2006)
Apple and the enviroment
Environmental protection is a priority for the conservation of precious natural resources and the continued health of our planet. Apple recognizes its responsibility as a global citizen and is continually striving to reduce the environmental impact of the work we do and the products we create.
Apple and the Global Environment
Apple takes pride in its history of innovation and thoughtful design. But technological leadership goes beyond what’s in the box. How we impact the environment is also important to us, and environmental considerations are an integral part of Apple’s business practices. From the earliest stages of product design through manufacturing, use, and recycling, we take care to keep our activities and our products environmentally sound.
Four areas of particular attention are product and packaging design, responsible manufacturing, energy efficiency, and recycling. Each aspect of the design cycle provides significant challenges, yet our efforts in these areas have resulted in some impressive results.
It all begins here. Reducing the environmental impact of our products starts with the product design phase. Design dictates the quantity of raw materials, type and recylability of materials, energy consumption required for manufacturing and use, and the ease of recycling. For example, our decision to eliminate Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) displays makes our product line much more environmentally friendly. Our flat-panel displays eliminate more than two pounds of lead, consume up to 80% less energy in sleep mode, and weigh half as much as their CRT counterparts.
Apple continually refines its product design to maximize efficiency while minimizing waste, following the requirements of programs such as ENERGY STAR® as well as our own high standards.
Apple helps to safeguard the environment — as well as consumers’ safety — by restricting the use of environmentally harmful compounds in our materials and manufacturing processes. For example, our restricted substances program limits the use of heavy metals and ozone depleting substances in our products and manufacturing processes.
A device’s greatest environmental impact is often its energy consumption over time. Apple has made great strides in recent years to optimize the energy efficiency of our hardware and created tools, such as the Energy Saver feature in Mac OS X, that allow consumers to manage the power consumption of their computers. Since 2001, all Apple computers and displays have earned the ENERGY STAR® rating.
Apple’s holistic approach to recycling — encompassing a product’s entire lifecycle — includes extensive take-back programs that enable consumers and businesses to dispose of used Apple equipment in an environmentally sound manner. Since our first take-back initiative began in Germany in 1994, we have launched programs in the United States, Canada, Japan, and throughout Europe, diverting over 34 million pounds of electronic equipment from landfills worldwide.
A history of sound practice
Year after year, Apple has set and met important goals to phase out environmentally relevant substances, create recycling programs worldwide and improve energy efficiency. Here are some of the most important milestones in our quest for environmental responsibility:
1990 Apple’s environmental policy released and implemented.
1991 Phase-out of lead in batteries in advance of the 1996 European battery directive.
1992 Phase-out of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in Apple manufacturing, as stipulated in the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer.
1992 Founding member of the US EPA ENERGY STAR® program, developed to identify and promote energy efficient computers and monitors.
1994 Phase-out of NiCad batteries.
1994 First voluntary Apple product take-back program initiated in Germany (gradual expansion to other regions).
1995 PVC in packaging materials phased out.
1996 First Apple manufacturing site (Sacramento, CA) ISO 14001 certified.
1997 First Apple products tested for conformity to TCO (Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees) standards.
1999 Introduction of the Apple Product Environmental Specification (APES) files.
1999 Lead and cadmium in cables restricted.
2000 All Apple manufacturing sites ISO 14001 certified worldwide, signifying that Apple has a structured environmental management system (EMS) in place to manage the environmental impact of our operations.
2001 All Apple computers and displays meet applicable ENERGY STAR® requirements. They continue to do so.
2001 Started voluntary phase-out of tetrabisphenol A (TBBA) in all plastic enclosure
parts >25 grams.
2002 Product take-back solutions implemented in the US and Japan.
2002 Roll-out of Apple’s global Regulated Substances Specification.
2002 Signatory of European Union Code of Conduct on Power Supplies, created to encourage manufacturers to design power supplies that minimize energy consumption in off mode.
2002 Founding member of US Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), which introduced energy efficiency requirements for the off mode of computer products.
2003 Implementation of supplier survey initiative on substance use.
2004 Investigation into halogen-free cable enclosures and printed circuit boards initiated.
2004 Phase-out of substances restricted by the European Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) initiated.
2005 Implementation of the Apple Supplier Code of Conduct, which governs environmental, health and safety, and human rights issues in Apple’s supply chain.
2006 All Apple products worldwide are compliant with the European Directive on the Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in electronics, also known as the RoHS Directive.
Alienware has rapidly developed into the leading manufacturer of high-performance desktops, notebooks, professional workstations, and media center systems. Consumers requiring the latest innovations, cutting-edge designs, and award-winning customer support turn to Alienware to meet their demands. Already a powerful force in the gaming industry, Alienware has emerged as a strong presence in a diverse set of markets including the home and home office, creative professional, home entertainment, business, and government industries.
Alienware Corporation is the leading manufacturer of high-performance computer desktops, notebooks, media center and professional systems. Alienware offers unique and award-winning products that incorporate state-of-the-art components, innovative engineering, and unprecedented customer service to deliver the ultimate in performance and style.
Alienware has earned an unparalleled reputation by creating best-of-breed products that offer superb, uncompromising quality. Widely recognized as faster, more powerful, and more innovative than competing machines, Alienware systems consistently win awards from publications such as the New York Times, Home Theater, PC Gamer, Computer Shopper, PC World, and more. With an unwavering passion to build the world’s most powerful computers, Alienware will continue to set the high-performance standard.
Founded: In 1996 by avid gamers and spirited entrepreneurs Nelson Gonzalez, CEO, and Alex Aguila, COO and President
Alienware operates in: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, EU, Portugal, rest of the world, Sweden, Switzerland, UK and United States.
Funding: Acquired by Dell Corporation in March 2006 as a wholly-owned subsidiary
Headquarters: 14591 SW 120 St, Miami, FL 33186-8638
Additional Offices: Call center in Costa Rica, full facility European Branch in Ireland and a full facility Pacific Rim Branch in Australia.
Employees: 700+ worldwide
Alienware Video Array Technology
Exclusive Alienware Full Tower Chassis
Custom Metallic Colors
AlienGuise Desktop Theme Manager 4.0
Alienware Liquid Cooling Technology
ALX High-Performance Systems
User Replaceable Graphics in Notebooks
Award-Winning System Integration
Exclusive AlienIce Video Cooling System
AlienAutopsy Automated Technical Support Request System
Alien Factory Automated Operating System and Driver Installation Program
Alien Adrenaline Video Performance Optimizer
Alienware is an American computer hardware company and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dell Computer Corporation. It has a reputation for offering the latest technologies for desktops and laptops that are specialized for video editing, audio editing, and especially gaming. The company is based in Miami, Florida, and was founded in 1995 by its current CEO, Nelson Gonzalez, and COO, Alex Aguila.
Established in 1996, Alienware manufactures high-performance desktop, notebook, media center, and professional systems. Operating under the tagline of “build it as if it were your own,” Alienware has earned numerous awards for excellence and has become a respected brand name worldwide with systems available direct within the United States, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. According to employees, the Alienware name was chosen because of the founders' fondness for the hit television series The X-Files, hence the theme to their products, with names such as Grey and Area-51. Alienware was originally established to tap a niche in the high performance game market, which back then was not on the radar of the major PC manufacturers such as Dell. Since high-end game hardware was not widely distributed, the company's founders formed an OEM that sold personal computers with the highest performing hardware and settings according to benchmarks.
As of FY 2005, Alienware brought in upwards of $170 million USD in annual sales, while trimming expenses to aid an international expansion initiative launched in 2003 to maintain a presence in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, United Kingdom and Costa Rica. In 2002, Alienware distributed their systems through Best Buy and CompUSA at retail locations. Because of complications with that method of distribution, Alienware decided to better service the customer via direct sales and have since eschewed such an indirect retail presence. Alienware has had a call center in Costa Rica to handle all sales and support calls for a number of years.
Alienware has traditionally competed with companies such as Falcon Northwest, Velocity Micro and VoodooPC which is now part of Dell's biggest competitor, Hewlett-Packard. Alienware also formerly competed against Dell XPS gaming systems which they considered their biggest rival before their acquisition.
On March 22, 2006, Dell agreed to purchase Alienware. Alienware continues to operate under its own brand name. This is noticeable in many regards including the similar looking homepages. This has caused a lot of controversy with gamers as Alienware was a favorite among them while Dell supposedly caters to general computer users. Dell's acquisition seems to have had some negative effect on Alienware's reputation
Alienware manufactures high-performance desktops, notebooks, media centers, and professional systems. Alienware systems include hardware from Intel, AMD, Nvidia, Creative and many more high-end vendors. Alienware's most famous series of desktops are the Aurora and Area-51 lines; Alienware also sells high-end laptops to which their most famous is the Area-51m. Recently Alienware launched a luxury system line branded with the name ALX, this line has grown into their mobile line as well.
Alienware AlienFX is an innovative new feature that allows users to custom configure 5 different zones on the P2 chassis with a large spectrum of lighting choices. Users will also have the option of configuring morph the strobe speed of their lighting; from a steady glow to a fast pulse
The AlienIce™ video cooling system maximizes airflow to keep the components in your machine running efficiently. AlienIce™ provides superior cooling with fans that are strategically placed throughout the chassis, striking the perfect balance of both negative and positive air flow, thus preventing overheating and system crashes. AlienIce™ is quieter than most high-performance cooling systems, too, so it will not disrupt game play.
Alienware Liquid Cooling
The Alienware Liquid Cooling System is a high-performance, maintenance-free system engineered with the latest, most advanced technology to provide maximum processor cooling with reduced system noise and worry-free operation. This innovative, high-performance liquid cooling system uses a high-flow, compact pump to circulate a thermally conductive liquid though a closed-loop system to remove heat from the processor and reject it to the ambient air flowing through a liquid-to-air heat exchanger.
Ensures long-lasting, no-hassle operation through a maintenance-free design.
Exclusive innovation from Alienware to allow systems to operate at cooler temperatures even when running at maximum power.
Delivers up to a 30% improvement in thermal performance over standard cooling methods.
Significantly lowers system noise levels to provide a quieter, more peaceful environment.
Powered by highly advanced components designed to keep next-generation systems cool.
Sony Corporation Public (TYO: 6758; NYSE: SNE) based in Minato, Tokyo. Sony Corporation of America, based in New York City, is the U.S. subsidiary of Sony Corporation, headquartered in Tokyo. Sony is a leading manufacturer of audio, video, communications, and information technology products for the consumer and professional markets. Its music, motion picture, television, computer entertainment, and online businesses make Sony one of the most comprehensive entertainment companies in the world. Sony's principal U.S. businesses include Sony Electronics Inc., Sony Pictures Entertainment Inc., Sony Computer Entertainment America Inc., and a 50% interest in Sony BMG Music Entertainment, one of the largest recorded music companies in the world.
Compaq Computer Corporation was an American personal computer company founded in 1982, and is now a brand name of Hewlett-Packard.
The company was formed by Rod Canion, Jim Harris and Bill Murto — former Texas Instruments senior managers. The name "COMPAQ" was derived from "Compatibility and Quality", as at its formation Compaq produced some of the first IBM PC compatible computers.
Once the largest supplier of computing systems in the world and previously regarded as perhaps the most reputable manufacturer of mid-range hardware, Compaq existed as an independent corporation until 2002, when it merged with Hewlett-Packard.
Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ)
HP is a technology solutions provider to consumers, businesses and institutions globally. The company’s offerings span IT infrastructure, global services, business and home computing, and imaging & printing.
HP is a technology company that operates in more than 170 countries around the world. We explore how technology and services can help people and companies address their problems and challenges, and realize their possibilities, aspirations and dreams. We apply new thinking and ideas to create more simple, valuable and trusted experiences with technology, continuously improving the way our customers live and work.
No other company offers as complete a technology product portfolio as HP. We provide infrastructure and business offerings that span from handheld devices to some of the world's most powerful supercomputer installations. We offer consumers a wide range of products and services from digital photography to digital entertainment and from computing to home printing. This comprehensive portfolio helps us match the right products, services and solutions to our customers' specific needs.
HP was incorporated in 1939. Corporate headquarters are in Palo Alto, Calif. Mark Hurd is president and CEO. HP is among the world’s largest IT companies, with revenue totaling $100.5 billion for the four fiscal quarters ended July 31, 2007. HP's 2007 Fortune 500 ranking is: No. 14.
HP's mission is to invent technologies and services that drive business value, create social benefit and improve the lives of customers — with a focus on affecting the greatest number of people possible.
Lenovo is an innovative, international technology company formed as a result of the acquisition by the Lenovo Group of the IBM Personal Computing Division.
As a global leader in the PC market, we develop, manufacture and market cutting-edge, reliable, high-quality PC products and value-added professional services that provide customers around the world with smarter ways to be productive and competitive.
We base our success on our customers achieving their goals: productivity in business and enhancement of personal life.
|Processor:||Intel Core 2 Extreme Processor (45nm Penryn) with Quad Core Technology|
|Memory:||2GB Dual Channel DDR3 SDRAM at 1333MHz|
|Storage:||Starting at 160GB up to 1TB per Drive (4 Drives Maximum)|
|Processor:||Intel Core 2 Extreme QX9650 3.0GHz 12MB Cache 1333MHz FSB Overclocked to 4.0 GHz|
|Memory:||2GB Patriot EP+ Low Latency Dual Channel DDR3 SDRAM at 1333MHz 2 x 1024MB|
|Storage:||320GB (2 x 160GB) SATA 1.5Gb/s 10,000RPM 2 x 16MB Cache|
|Processor:||Extreme 3.0GHz, 1333MHz FSB, 1 x 8MB full-speed level 2 Cache - Overclocked to 3.33GHz|
|Memory:||Standard 2GB Dual CHannel DDR2 SDRAM at 1066MHz Up to 4GB of system memory|
|Storage:||RPM: Starting at 7,200 up to 10,000 Capacity: Starting at 160GB up to 1TB per Drive (4 Drives Maximum)|
|Processor:||Intel Core 2 Extreme Processor (45nm Penryn) with Quad Core Technology|
|Memory:||2GB Dual Channel DDR3 SDRAM at 1333MHz|
|Storage:||160GB up to 1TB per Drive (4 Drives Maximum)|
|Processor:||AMD Athlon 64 X2 3.0GHz, 2000MHz FSB, 2 x 1024KB full-speed level 2 Cache|
|Memory:||Standard 2GB Dual Channel DDR2 SDRAM at 800MHz Up to 4GB of system memory|
|Storage:||Capacity: Starting at 160GB up to 1TB per Drive (4 Drives Maximum)|
|Processor:||Intel Core 2 Extreme QX6700 (8MB,3.46GHz Factory overclocked)|
|Memory:||2GB Corsair Dominator DDR2 SDRAM 800MHz OC'd to 1066MHz-2 DIMMs|
|Storage:||500GB - Seagate 7200RPM, SATA 3.0Gb/s, 16MB Cache|
|Processor:||Intel Core 2 Duo processor T7500 (2.2GHz, 4MB L2 cache)|
|Memory:||2GB (1GBx2) PC2-5300|
|Processor:||Two 2.66GHz Dual-Core Intel Xeon processors|
|Memory:||1GB (two 512MB) of 667MHz DDR2 ECC fully buffered DIMM|
|Storage:||250GB Serial ATA (3Gb/s); 7200 rpm; 8MB cache|
|Processor:||2.8GHz Intel Core 2 Extreme|
|Storage:||500GB hard drive|
View all Desktops.
A desktop computer is a computer made for use on a desk in an office or home and is distinguished from portable computers such as laptops or PDAs. Desktop computers are also known as microcomputers. There are four types of desktop computers: home computers, or personal computers; workstations, Internet servers, and special communications computers.
Desktops are currently the most affordable computers and ubiquitous in businesses, schools, and households; they are used for performing office tasks, organizing digital photos, video editing, and Internet access. Nearly all desktop computers are modular, with components that can easily be replaced or upgraded.
Desktop computers come in a variety of case styles ranging from large vertical towers to small form factor models that can be tucked behind an LCD monitor.
Desktop computers are commonly connected to a power strip.